NOAA (National Weather Service) was established in 1920 by the National Science Foundation as an agency of the U.S. government devoted to providing forecasts and warnings concerning severe weather, storms, floods, drought, snowfalls, fog, hurricanes, and other atmospheric phenomena. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is an independent federal scientific agency in the United States Federal Department of Commerce that primarily focuses on the weather conditions of the ocean, rivers, and seas.
Many people are unaware that NOAA is part of NASA which is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The main goals of these two government agencies are to understand and predict the Earth’s climate and weather patterns, to monitor the Earth’s atmosphere, and to assist government and private citizens in preparedness for the effects of natural disasters caused by human activities.
The two different departments and agencies work together to provide consistent weather and climate information across the United States and its territories. Because of these services, people can be assured of reliable weather forecasts which can prevent them from spending money on unnecessary insurance and purchasing false items for home and personal use.
NOAA also has a division dedicated to tracking the movements and intensities of other areas of interest such as hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, tropical cyclones, and severe thunderstorms. This division allows for timely alerts to be sent out to the public regarding impending storms and dangerous weather conditions.
NOAA does not directly monitor weather conditions at a local level but instead relies on the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) located at the National Park Service (NPS) in Boulder, Colorado. Since it is based at this National Park, it cannot provide the same type of forecasts that you can get from an individual weather station situated at a different location.
For example, if a hurricane or tornado was approaching your home, you would get a forecast from NOAA about that particular storm. But a forecast from the National Climatic Data Center would be considered more accurate since it is based on several years of observations and research, while the one NOAA produces is based on just a few months of observations. You may be wondering how an agency like NOAA can provide an accurate forecast about a storm that has yet to hit your area. The agency relies on the National Weather Service (NWS) to provide accurate information. NWS is responsible for producing the official National Weather Service forecasts every single day that you can access through their website.
Many websites give forecasts from NOAA based on several criteria. These criteria include current atmospheric conditions, wind speed, humidity, barometric pressure, cloud cover, snowfall, rainfall, cloud type and precipitation, lightning, cloud formation, and other atmospheric conditions. When you are looking for an online source of information regarding any weather forecast, you should consider using a website that offers the results from both the NWS and NOAA. These two agencies often provide the most up-to-date information because they are the two most trusted institutions when it comes to producing accurate forecasts.